Chapter11

Arjuna uvacha

Mad anugrahaya paramam guhyam adhyatma-samjnitam

             Yat tvayoktam vachas tena moho yam vigato mama

 Arjun said an my request you have given spiritual advice and with you kind advice my ignorance has been removed.

(1)

 Bhavapyayau hi bhutanam srutau vistaraso maya

Tvattah kamala-patraksa mahatmyam api chavyayam

 Because, Kamalnetra Krishna, I have understood from you about the birth of beings and their destrustruction in detail and I have also listen about your immortal miracles.

(2)

 Evam etad yathattha tvam atmanam paramesvara

Drastum icchami te rupam aisvaram purusottama

 Almighty whatever you have explained about yourself I find you to be exactly like that.  But Purushotaman, I want to physically see your devine power, your wisdom, your strength, your valour, your ‘tez’ and your godly form.

(3)

 Manyase yadi tach chakyam maya drastum iti prabho

                Yogesvara tato me tvam darsayatmanam avyayam

My lord, if you consider that I am in a position see your such a marvelour manifestation than kind grant me ‘davshan’ of your immortal presence – roop grace.

(4)

 Sri bhagavan uvacha

Pasya me partha rupani sataso tha sahasrasah

                      Nana-vidhani divyani nana-varnakrtini cha

The Lord Krishna parth now you watch my hundreds and thousands of different kinds of forms and different kind of enchanting expositions.

(5)

 Pasyadityan vasun rudran asvinau marutas tatha

                    Bahuny adrsta-purvani pasyascharyani bharata

Bharatvanshi Arjun now you see in Me the almighty all the, fwelre some of Aditi, eight Vasus and eleven Rudras both the Aswani Kumars, and fortynine Mriduganas.  Besides, many other wonderful  _________ forms which you have never seen before you can see now.

(6)

 Ihaikastham jagat krtsnam pasyadya sa-characharam

                Mama dehe gudakesa yach chanyad drastum icchasi

Arjun, now, you can see all the living beings and the entire universe and whatever else you desire to see only at one place i.e. in my Body.

(7)

 Na tu mam sakyase drastum anenaiva sva-chaksusa

Divyam dadami te chaksuh pasya me yogam aisvaram

 But you will not be able to see Me with these normal human eyes. Therefore I will now give you devine vision or the superhuman eyes. You will be able to view all my devine yoga shakti powers and the devine FORM.

(8)

 Sanjaya uvacha

                   Evam uktva tato rajan maha-yogesvaro harih

Darsayamasa parthaya paramam rupam aisvaram

 Sanjay said, “King, the great Almighty and the destroyer of all sins said this, showed to Arjun his devine form with wonderful and great powers.

(9)

 Aneka-vaktra-nayanam anekadbhuta-darsanam

                     Aneka-divyabharanam divyanekodyatayudham

     Divya-malyambaro-dharam divya-gandhanulepanam

              Sarvascharyamayam devam anantam visvato-mukham

Arjun saw the huge prime God the Almighty hawing numerous faces with devine eyes comprising wonderful sight, wearing many devine ornaments, and holding devine arms in the various hands, the many bodies in one wearing devine necklaces and clothes with the entire body smeared with devine perfume, the limitless wonderful forms looking in all the directions.

(10-11)

  Divi surya-sahasrasya bhaved yugapad utthita

Yadi bhah sadrsi sa syad bhasas tasya mahatmanah

 The light that will emirate from a thousand suns would perhaps be of lesser intensity that the teaching one out of the devine wonderful body of the almighty.

(12)

Tatraikastham jagat krtsnam pravibhaktam anekadha

                 Apasyad deva-devasya sarire pandavas tada

Panduputra Arjun sew, at that time, the lords of many worlds all located at one place i.e. the devine body of the Almighty.

(13)

 Tatah sa vismayavisto hrsta-roma dhananjayah

                      Pranamya sirasa devam krtanjalir abhasata

Wonder struck and puzzed Arjun bowed and greeted with ‘Pranam’ with devotion and worship folded his hands and said.

(14)

 Arjuna uvacha

                  Pasyami devams tava deva dehe

                                         Sarvams tatha bhuta-visesa-sanghan

                                        Brahmanam isam kamalasana-stham

                     Rsims cha sarvan uragams cha divyan

 Arjun said Lord, I am able to see in your body all lords and flocks of human beings.  I see Brahma sitting on a seat of Lotus.  I see Mahadev and all the sages and also the devine reptiles.

(15)

 Aneka-bahudara-vaktra-netram

  Pasyami tvam sarvato nanta-rupam

       Nantam na madhyam na punas tavadim

                                    Pasyami visvesvara visva-rupa

Lord of the entire universe.  I find you have many mighty arms, faces with devine eyes, and see you in may form from all the sides.You are the form of the universe.  I cannot see you beginning, your middle or your end.

(16)

 Kiritinam gadinam chakrinam cha

 Tejorasim sarvato diptimantam

      Pasyami tvam durniriksyam samantad

           Diptanalarka-dyutim aprameyam

 I see your incomprehensible appearance understandably shape, look with many mukuts, with Gadas, chakras illuminated from all sides, with devine tej, and brightness unmatched by biggest fire or the sun and I look at the most incmrprehesible appearance.

(17)

                              Tvam aksaram paramam veditavyam

Tvam asya visvasya param nidhanam

                              Tvam avyayah sasvata-dharma-gopta

                              Sanatanas tvam puruso mato me

You are the only one worthy of knowledge prime letter or the prime lord, you are the only saviour of this universe, endless, saviour of the religion and indestructible immortable Man in this universe.  This is my opinion about you.

(18)

  Anadi-madhyantam ananta-viryam

                               Ananta-bahum sasi-surya-netram

Pasyami tvam dipta-hutasa-vaktram

                               Sva-tejasa visvam idam tapantam

I see you beyond the beginning beyond the middle and endless, of infinite abilities, countless armo, with eyes like sun and moon and mouths like fire and you have engulfed the entire universe with you devine spectacle.

(19)

 Dyav aprthivyor idam antaram hi

                             Vyaptam tvayaikena disas cha sarvah

Drstvadbhutam rupam ugram tavedam

                             Loka-trayam pravyathitam mahatman

Great Atman, sky between the heaven and the earth ad all the directions are filled with your unonderful form.  In fact all the three worlds are worrderstruck to see your frightful appearance and are extremely perturbed.

(20)

  Ami hi tvam sura-sangha visanti

                            Kechid bhitah pranjalayo grnanti

Svastity uktva maharsi-siddha-sanghah

                            Stuvanti tvam stutibhih puskalabhih

The flocks of the demigods are entering your body.  Some are extremely frightened and with folded hands they are chanting your names and manifestations.  And flocks of sages and the ‘Sidhas’ worship you with world like ‘Kalyan Ho’ ‘Kalyan Ho’.

I he Deity First cause Eternal presence glory majesty infinity God the father the maker creator Persevere.

(21)

 Rudraditya vasavo ye cha sadhya

                              Visve svinau marutas chosmapas cha

Gandharva-yaksasura-siddha-sangha

                              Viksante tvam vismitas chaiva sarve

The eleven Rudras and the twelves sons of Aditi and eigh vasus, Sadhyagans, Ashwani Kunars, Mridganas and flocks of fore fathers, heavenly beings, demons; all are extremely worrdevstruck and are looking at you in a state of perplexity.

(22)

 Rupam mahat te bahu-vaktra-netram

                              Maha-baho bahu-bahuru-padam

                              Bahudaram bahu-damstra-karalam

                              Drstva lokah pravyathitas tathaham

Mahabaho, looking at your infinite perplexing appearance with many faces, eyes, many hands, thighs and feet, many stomachs and similar other parts of the body, everyone is very upset and I am also very upset.

(23)

 Nabhah sprsam diptam aneka-varnam

                             Vyattananam dipta-visala-netram

                             Drstva hi tvam pravyathitantaratma

                             Dhrtim na vindami samam cha visno

Because Vishno, looking at the huge body which is touching the sky with mouth wide open and light emitting huge eyes; the body which is so frightening I am etremely afraid and I have lost my peace.

(24)

 Damstra-karalani cha te mukhani

                                 Drstvaiva kalanala-sannibhani

                                 Diso na jane na labhe cha sarma

                                 Prasida devesa jagan-nivasa

Very frightened due to huge beards and as bright as destructive fire, I have lost sense of direction and I am hardly happy.  Therefore I implore you to be satisfied and happy.

(25)

  Ami cha tvam dhrtarastrasya putrah

                               Sarve sahaivavanipala-sanghaih

                               Bhismo dronah suta-putras tathasau

  Sahasmadiyair api yodha-mukhyaih

Vaktrani te tvaramana visanti

                               Damstra-karalani bhayanakani

                               Kechid vilagna dasanantaresu

Sandrsyante churnitair uttamangaih

 All these sons of Dhritrashatra and flocks of other kings and entering your mamoth body.  Bhishmpitama, Drouacharya, Karna and the great warriors on our side; all are extremely  frightened due to your huge beards and are entering your various mouths with great spead  and many appear to have been powdered and I see them and their head stuck to your huge teeth.

(26-27)

 Yatha nadinam bahavo mbu-vegah

                                Samudram evabhimukha dravanti

                                Tatha tavami nara-loka-vira

                                Visanti vaktrany abhivijvalanti

Just like waters of rivers naturally appear to be flowing fast into the sea, in the same mamer all these great warriors appear to be entering your various mouths.

(28)

 Yatha pradiptam jvalanam patanga

                                Visanti nasaya samrddha-vegah

                                Tathaiva nasaya visanti lokas

                                Tavapi vaktrani samrddha-vegah

Just as the moths, act of sheer attraction, fly fast to enter the burring fire, just in the same mamer all these people, remaining fast, are entering your various mouths for their own destruction.

(29)

  Lelihyase grasamanah samantal

Lokan samagran vadanair jvaladbhih

                              Tejobhir apurya jagat samagram

                              Bhasas tavograh pratapanti visno

Your are making morsels of all these world into your mouths and appear to licking them.  Vishnu your uncommon light, due to extreme light, is making the entire universe unbearably hot.

(30)

  Akhyahi me ko bhavan ugra-rupo

                               Namo stu te deva-vara prasida

Vijnatum icchami bhavantam adyam

                               Na hi prajanami tava pravrttim

Kindly tell me who are you with this terrorising appearance.  Great among Gods oh Lord I humbly greate you.  Kindly be happy.  The original human I particularly want to to know you because I do not understand your basic natwce.

(31)

 Sri bhagavan uvacha

Kalo smi loka-ksaya-krt pravrddho

                                 Lokan samahartum iha pravrttah

                                 Rte pi tvam na bhavisyanti sarve

                                 Ye vasthitah pratyanikesu yodhah

Lord Krishna said, I am the destroyer of the worlds known as ‘Mahakal’.  At this moment I have appeared emerged to destroy these people.  These fore the worriers belonging to the apposite army will not survive even without your fighting the battle.  They have to be finished.

(32)

 Tasmat tvam uttistha yaso labhasva

Jitva satrun bhunksva rajyam samrddham

                          Mayaivaite nihatah purvam eva

                          Nimitta-matram bhava savyasachin

Therefore you should get up.  Have victory over the enemy and earn name, wealth and enjoy your kingdom.  All these great warriors, in fact, have already been killed by me.  ‘Savyasachi’ you will only become the killer for name sake.

(33)

 Dronam cha bhismam cha jayadratham cha

                         Karnam tathanyan api yodha-viran

                         Maya hatams tvam jahi ma vyathistha

                         Yuddhasva jetasi rane sapatnan

Dronacharya and Bhishma; Jaydrath and Karn and Mamy other great worriers who have already been killed by me in reality you just kill them.  Donot be afraid.  Undoubtedly, you will win the enemies.  Therefore fight your battle.

(34)

  Sanjaya uvacha

                               Etach chrutva vachanam kesavasya

                               Krtanjalir vepamanah kiriti

                               Namaskrtva bhuya evaha krsnam

Sagadgadam bhita-bhitah pranamya

 Sanjay said, Arjun listens carefully to these words of the grant lord and with folded hands and trembling body being extremely afraid said to the lord.

(35)

 Arjuna uvacha

                              Sthane hrsikesa tava prakirtya

                              Jagat prahrsyaty anurajyate cha

                             Raksamsi bhitani diso dravanti

Sarve namasyanti cha siddha-sanghah

 Arjun said, “It is just worthy that the entire world is happy with your name, attributes, devotional songs and love and attention.  The demons are running in all directions and the ‘Sidha’ men are greeting you with namaskar.

(36)

 Kasmach cha te na nameran mahatman

                            Gariyase brahmano py adi-kartre

                            Ananta devesa jagan-nivasa

                            Tvam aksaram sad-asat tat-param yat

Mahalman, you are the beginner at the Brahman, and the greatest among all.  How can they avoid greeting to with Namaskar?  You are the infinite, __________ of the gods, omnipresent and someone who is beyond the truth and the lie.  You are the truly almighty in this cosmos.

(37)

 Tvam adi-devah purusah puranas

                              Tvam asya visvasya param nidhanam

Vettasi vedyam cha param cha dhama

                              Tvaya tatam visvam ananta-rupa

You are the original god and immortal being you are responsible for this world and worthy of understanding.  You are omnipresent and this entire universe is full of your attributes.

(38)

  Vayur yamo gnir varunah sasankah

                                Prajapatis tvam prapitamahas cha

                                Namo namas te stu sahasra-krtvah

Punas cha bhuyo pi namo namas te

 You are the lord of air, yamraj, fire, sea, moon and the king of the subject and you are the father of Brahma.  Namaskar to you many many times many many namaskars to you.

(39)

 Namah purastad atha prsthatas te

                                 Namo stu te sarvata eva sarva

                                 Ananta-viryamita-vikramas tvam

                                 Sarvam samapnosi tato si sarvah

You are of infinite abilities.  Namaskar to you from front and from the back and from all directions.  Because being of infinite valour you have pervaded this entire world therefore you are present every where.

(40)

 Sakheti matva prasabham yad uktam

               He krsna he yadava he sakheti

               Ajanata mahimanam tavedam

              Maya pramadat pranayena vapi

         Yach chavahasartham asatkrto si

                  Vihara-sayyasana-bhojanesu

         Eko thavapy achyuta tat-samaksam

      Tat ksamaye tvam aham aprameyam

 Without knowing these denive attributes and influence of your and considering that you are my own deav friend, in whatever manner without giving serious thought I have said that belittled your grandeur and dignity I beg to be excused.  Without knowledge I would have insulted you in lighter moments are while resting or while taking meals while alone on in presence of other friends I request you to kindly pardon my actions.

(41-42)

 Pitasi lokasya characharasya

                            Tvam asya pujyas cha gurur gariyan

Na tvat-samo sty abhyadhikah kuto nyo

                            Loka-traye py apratima-prabhava

 You are the father of this living world.  You are the greatest guru, worthy of worship.  Lord Almighty in all the three worlds there is none equal to your and there is no question of anyone being greater than you.

(43)

 Tasmat pranamya pranidhaya ka

Prasadaye tvam aham isam idyam

                                 Piteva putrasya sakheva sakhyuh

                                 Priyah priyayarhasi deva sodhum

Therefore O Lord, I bestow my body and boring with all devotion at my command I request you to kindly have mercy on me and be happy.  O Lord, just as father tolerates wrongdoings of his son, the man of his wife and friend of his dear friend I request to tolerate and excuse all my earlier wrongdoings.

(44)

 Adrsta-purvam hrsito smi drstva

Bhayena cha pravyathitam mano me

                               Tad eva me darsaya deva rupam

                               Prasida devesa jagan-nivasa

I am overjoyed to see this wonderful appearance of yours which I had never seen before.  My mind is full of fear and completely perplexed.  Therefore kindly come back to your earlier Vishnu roap with four arms.  God of gods the omnipresent I invoke your mercy.

(45)

 Kiritinam gadinam chakra-hastam

Icchami tvam drastum aham tathaiva

                             Tenaiva rupena chatur-bhujena

                             Sahasra-baho bhava visva-murte

I once again want to see you with your mukut with your gada and chakra in your hand.  Therefore god of the entire universe having thousands of arms assume once again your Chaturbhuj presence.

(46)

 Sri bhagavan uvacha

                              Maya prasannena tavarjunedam

                              Rupam param darsitam atma-yogat

                              Tejomayam visvam ananatam adyam

Yan me tvad-anyena na drsta-purvam

 The Lord Krishna said, “Arjun on your request I have shown you with the capabilities of my yogashakti, this most brilliant, cause of beginning of everything limitless mamoth body of mine which no one has ever seen except you.

(47)

 Na veda-yajnadhyayanair na danair

Na cha kriyabhir na tapobhir ugraih

                               Evam rupah sakya aham nrloke

                               Drastum tvad-anyena kuru-pravira

Arjun, in this human world there is no way – through vedas or yajna, or donations or performance of other good deeds _______ etc. that anyone other than you can see this universal conformation of mine.

Appearance shape body pageant physique conformation posture.

(48)

  Ma te vyatha ma cha vimudha-bhavo

Drstva rupam ghoram idrn mamedam

Vyapetabhih prita-manah punas tvam

                              Tad eva me rupam idam prapasya

Looking at this mamoth frightening conformation of Mine you should neither be perplexed nor get into any kind of confusion.  You should be fearless full of love and attention and once again you see my very same Chaturbhuj body with shankh-gada-chakra and Padma.

(49)

 Sanjaya uvacha

                             Ity arjunam vasudevas tathoktva

                             Svakam rupam darsayamasa bhuyah

                            Asvasayamasa cha bhitam enam

Bhutva punah saumya-vapur mahatma

 Sanjay said God Vasudev told Arjun all this and once again he appeared in this chaturbhuj form full of peace and tranquility and thus consoled the frightened Arjun.

(50)

 Arjuna uvacha

Drstvedam manusam rupam tava saumyam janardana

                Idanim asmi samvrttah sa-chetah prakrtim gatah

Arjun said Lord, I am now relaxed, once again looking at your peaceful and tranquil human form.  In fact, I have regained my normal senses.

(51)

 Sri bhagavan uvacha

Sudurdarsam idam rupam drstavan asi yan mama

                   Deva apy asya rupasya nityam darsana-kanksinah

Lord Almighty said my ‘Chaturb  huj’ appearance that you have seen is indeed extremely rare and uncommon.  The demigods too are always anxious to have a darshan at this rave and unique spectacle.

(52)

 Naham vedair na tapasa na danena na chejyaya

Sakya evam-vidho drastum drstavan asi mam yatha

 There is no way through vedas, tapas or donations or yajnas that this chaturbhuj ‘roop’ of mine can be seen the way you have seen,  Arjuna.

(53)

 Bhaktya tv ananyaya sakya aham evam-vidho rjuna

Jnatum drastum cha tattvena pravestum cha parantapa

 But Paratamp Arjun, with unstinted worship, and keen desire to see this ‘Chaturbhuj’ roop and to know my fundamental nature and the desire to attain my form is indeed very rare and difficult.

(54)

 Mat-karma-krn mat-paramo mad-bhaktah sanga-varjitah

             Nirvairah sarva-bhutesu yah sa mam eti pandava

Arjun, people who wholeheartedly dedicates all this deeds, and completes resigns unto me, who are my ardent devotees and have no attachments and are free from envy or hate towards any human beings are worthes of attaining Me or worthy of salvation.

(55)

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