Sri bhagavan uvacha
Anasritah karma-phalam karyam karma karoti yah
Sa sannyasi ca yogi cha na niragnir na chakrya.
Lord Almighty said “The person who, without relying on the fruit of his labour, carrie out his duty; he should be considered a yogi and he should be called a ‘Sanyasi’. Just by relinquishing the duty one does not become a yogi or a ‘Sanyasi’.
Yam sannyasam iti prahur yogam tam viddhi pandava
Na hy asannyasta-sankalpo yogi bhavati kaschana
Arjun, what is known as ‘Sanyas’ you can also consider as ‘Yoga’ because anyone who cannot get rid of his ‘Sankalps’ cannot become a ‘Yogi’.
Aruruksor muner yogam karma karanam uchyate
Yogarudhasya tasyaiva samah karanam uchyate
The person who wants to practice and become a yogi should only carry out with his duty without attachment to the results. And, for a yogi; his lack of making any sankalaps is his greatest advantage.
Yada hi nendriyarthesu na karmasv anusajjate
Sarva-sankalpa-sannyasi yogarudhas tadochyate
When the person neither gets attached to his deeds not to the worldly pleasures of the senses and when he breeds no, desires, he is known as ‘yoga reed’.
Uddhared atmanatmanam natmanam avasadayet
Atmaiva hy atmano bandhur atmaiva ripur atmanah
It is desirable that the human being should always strive to achieve salvation. He should never indulge and get into decadence. Man is in fact, his own enemy. Likewise, he can be his own friend.
Bandhur atmatmanas tasya yenatmaivatmana jitah
Anatmanas tu satrutve vartetatmaiva satruvat
The human being who has conquered the body including the senses and the mind; for him, man is his own friend. But the person who has not conquered the body, senses and mind, he is his own enemy.
Jitatmanah prasantasya paramatma samahitah
Sitosna-sukha-duhkhesu tatha manapamanayoh
In pleasure and in pain, in summer or in winter, in respect or in disrespect, the person whose mind bear ho agitations or attachment due to these. Such a person whose ‘atma’ has attained self-realised freedom, and his mind is always creatively engaged in the almighty; his wisdom teach him that nothing is really important except the almighty.
Jnana-vijnana-trptatma kutastho vijitendriyah
Yukta ity uchyate yogi sama-lostrasma-kanchanah
The person whose spirit is replete with wisdom and science, whose ntentions are beyond any blemishes, who has thoroughly conquered his senses and for whom dust, stone and gold are all alike; it is said that such a yogi is complete or he has realised God.
Sadhusv api cha papesu sama-buddhir visisyate
He is the greatest among human beings who is unselfish and interested in the good of everyone, doesnot distinguish between friend or enemy and is just and has same regards for religious and followers of the riteaus path and the sinners his our people or those belonging to the enemy.
Yogi yunjita satatam atmanam rahasi sthitah
Ekaki yata-cittatma nirasir aparigrahah
The person who keeps complete control over his body including his senses and his mind, does not live on hopes and is free from greed; such a yogi should often seek a solitary place and medidate continuously with his devoted mind the marvels of the almighty.
Sucau dese pratisthapya sthiram asanam atmanah
Naty-ucchritam natinicham chailajina-kusottaram
He should select a sacred place and spread on it kushasna, deerskin, and the fabrics. The place should be neither high nor low and this his base stable.
Tatraikagram manah krtva yata-chittendriya-kriyah
Upavisyasane yunjyad yogam atma-visuddhaye
And sitting straight and controlling completely the actions of his senses, containing his mind into stability, should practice ‘Yoga’ to achieve purity of mind.
Samam kaya-siro-grivam dharayann achalam sthirah
Sampreksya nasikagram svam disas chanavalokayan
In the straight posture he should keep his upper body, neck and head relaxed and motionless and fix his gaze on the front tip of his nose without looking into any other directions.
Prasantatma vigata-bhir brahmachari-vrate sthitah
Manah sam yamya mach-chitto yukta asita mat-parah
Observing ‘ Brahmcharya’, free from any fear the ‘yogi’ with a mind full of peace and is alert should meditate on my manifestations.
Yunjann evam sadatmanam yogi niyata-manasah
Santim nirvana-paramam mat-samstham adhigachchhati
The yogi with fully controlled mind, constantly making efforts with his soul to be fully absorbed in my manifestations achieve the rare peace which resides only in me the almighty.
Natyasnatas tu yogo sti na chaikantam anasnatah
Na chati svapna-silasya jagrato naiva charjuna
Arjun, this yoga can not be realised by anyone who eats too much or little nor by the one who sleeps excessively or who does not sleep at all.
Yuktahara-viharasya yukta-Chestasya karmasu
Yukta-svapnavabodhasya yogo bhavati duhkha-ha
The yoga which kills all reasons for unhappiness can be achieved only by someone who eats what is necessary and sleeps or keeps awake only as requires by the body and does such actions only as his duty demands.
Yada viniyatam chittam atmany evavatisthate
Nisprhah sarva-kamebhyo yukta ity ucyate tada
When the mind which is in complete control stabilises in the meditation of the almighty during that time, it is said, that the person who is unaffected by all worldly affairs realises the yoga and becomes a practitioner.
Yatha dipo nivatastho nengate sopama smrta
Yogino yata-chittasya yunjato yogam atmanah
Just as in a place where there is no wind the lamp doesnot flicker, same simile applies to the yogi engaged in meditation about the almighty.
Yatroparamate chittam niruddham yoga-sevaya
Yatra caivatmanatmanam pasyann atmani tusyati
Purified by the practice of yoga and in the state where mind becomes stable in Lord’s manifestations and perceives the presence of the almighty and remains satisfied in almighty’s devotion.
Sukham atyantikam yat tad buddhi-grahyam atindriyam
Vetti yatra na caivayam sthitas calati tattvatah
Beyond the hounds of the senses, realised only by the potent intelligence the unending joy becomes a part of the yogi who makes his mind stable in the attributes of the almighty.
Yam labdhva chaparam labham manyate nadhikam tatah
Yasmin sthito na duhkhena gurunapi vichalyate
When attaining the devine advantage of realising God one considers that their no greatest blessing and doesnot can be get affected by the deep sorrows.
Tam vidyad duhkha-samyoga-viyogam yoga-samjnitam
What is unattached with the sorrowful world and what is known as yoga needs to be experienced. It is one devine’s duty to practice such a yoga with enthusiasm, patience and intersect decisively.
Sa nischayena yoktavyo yogo nirvinna-chetasa
Sankalpa-prabhavan kamams tyaktva sarvan asesatah
Manasaivendriya-gramam viniyamya samantatah
Sanaih sanair uparamed buddhya dhrti-grhitaya
Atma-samstham manah krtva na kinchid api chintayet
Desires originating from one’s vows are when given up and sense and sensual objects are when fully controlled, when one gradually starts stabilising one’s mind with patient wisdom in the attributes of the almighty he should not brood over anything else.
Yato yato nischalati manas chanchalam asthiram
Tatas tato niyamyaitad atmany eva vasam nayet
The unstable and volatile mind wonders among various worldly objects and the practitioner must ship his mind away from these objects repeatedly and should try to stablise it in the manifestations of the almighty.
Prasanta-manasam hy enam yoginam sukham uttamam
Upaiti santa-rajasam brahma-bhutam akalmasam
Because whose mind has become peaceful in all respects and whose ‘Rajoguna’ has quitened and by making efforts to achieve oneness with the almighty, the yogi accomplishes the genuine joy exquisite joy.
Yunjann evam sadatmanam yogi vigata-kalmasah
Sukhena brahma-samsparsam atyantam sukham asnute
That virtuous yogi engaging his mind in the prominence of the almighty continuously thus experiences the joy of realising the almighty.
Sarva-bhuta-stham atmanam sarva-bhutani chatmani
Iksate yoga-yukta-atma sarvatra sama-darsanah
The person whose mind is replete with yoga of maintaining the same and constant attitude in everything and who sees the presence of the divine ‘atma’ in all beings and beholds all the beings in the thus conceived ‘ama’.
Yo mam pasyati sarvatra sarvam cha mayi pasyati
Tasyaham na pranasyami sa cha me na pranasyati
The person who finds all pervading me the almighty in all beings and also is able to see all beings in my all pervading form, I am never invisible to him or he is able to see me always.
Sarva-bhuta-stthitam you mam bhajaty ekatvam asthitah
Sarvatha vartamano pi sa yogi mayi vartate
The person who gets into a constant mood and worship omnipotent me, Vasudev, that yogi while performing all his various deeds infact dedicates all his performance to me.
Atmaupamyena sarvatra samam pasyati yo rjuna
Sukham va yadi va duhkham sa yogi paramo matah
The person whose attitude towards all beings is constant and same as towards his own personal self, and also considers happiness and sorrow as the same, that yogi is considered as the best among yogis.
Yo yam yogas tvaya proktah samyena madhusudana
Etasyaham na pasyami cancalatvat sthitim sthiram
Arjun said “Madhusudan” the yoga which ;you have defined as practising the presence of same attitude in one’s mind according to me, due to fickleness of mind is difficult to achieve.
Concalam hi manah krsna pramathi balavad drdham
Tasyaham nigraham manye vayor iva suduskaram
Because Krishna this mind is extremely capricious and viscillating and equally strong and obstinate. Therefore I consider controlling the mind is as difficult cessation of the air.
Sri bhagavan uvacha
Asamsayam maha-baho mano durnigraham chalam
Abhyasena tu kaunteya vairagyena cha grhyate
Lord almighty said “Mahabaho, no doubt the mind is extremely fictive and difficult to control but will practice of unattachment and constant efforts to control, it can come under control.
Asamyatatmana yogo dusprapa iti me matih
Vasyatmana tu yatata sakyo vaptum upayatah
The person who has not controlled his mind or such a person yoga is unachievable, and the person who has controlled his mind can attain easily with efforts and practice. This is my considered opinion.
Ayatih sraddhayopeto yogach chalita-manasah
Aprapya yoga-samsiddhim kam gatim krsna gacchati
Arjun said, Shri Krishna, the person who has devotion towards yoga but is not disciplined due to which his mind, in the end, drifts away from yoga; such a seeker who is not able to achieve the state of yoga _______ at what _________.
Kachchin nobhaya-vibhrastas chinnabhram iva nasyati
Apratistho maha-baho vimudho brahmanah pathti
Mahababo such a seeker who is lost from the devine path of the almighty what happens to him. Defecated from both the sides does he end up in a disaster?
Etan me samsayam krsna chettum arhasy asesatah
Tvad-anyah samsayasyasya chetta na hy upapadyate
Shri Krishna, you are the only one who is capable to completely remove this doubt of mine. It is not possible to find another who can clarify these doubts.
Sri bhagavan uvacha
Partha naiveha namutra vinasas tasya vidyate
Na hi kalyana-krt kaschid durgatim tata gacchati
The lard almighty said, couch a person is ruined neither in this world nor the next. Because dear Arjun the person who follows the path of the salvation of the soul or realising the almighty is never degraded.
Prapya punya-krtam lokan usitva sasvatih samah
Suchinam srimatam gehe yoga-bhrastto bhijayate
The unfulfilled person reaches the abodes of the virtuous and after residing there for many many long years is born in the families of respected people who follow the path of purity.
Athava yoginam eva kule bhavati dhimatam
Etaddhi durlabhataram loke janma yad idrsam
In other words instead o going to the ordinary abodes is born only in the family of wise yogis. But the birth of this nature is very rare in this world.
Tatra tam buddhi-samyogam labhate paurva-dehikam
Yatate cha tato bhuyah samsiddhau kuru-nandana
There gathering the samskars of great wisdom or achieve the yoga of constant attitude among all without much effort. Enthused with the effects of this yoga he makes greater efforts to attain realisation of the almighty than even before.
Purvabhyasena tenaiva hriyate hy avaso pi sah
Jijnasur api yogasya sabda-brahmativartate
The yogabhrashta person propelled by the previous practice is undoubtedly attracted towards the almighty and the seeker of the yoga of constant attitude transcends the ill effects of “Skam” deeds or the deeds done with selfish ends in view.
Prayatnad yatamanas tu yogi samsuddha-kilbisah
Aneka-janma-samsiddhas tato yati param gatim
But the yogi who is a practitioner making the best of efforts with the force and power of the previous births becomes free from sins during this birth and soon achieves salvation.
Tapasvibhyo dhiko yogi jnanibhyo pi mato dhikah
Karmibhyas chadhiko yogi tasmad yogi bhavarjuna
Yogi is superior to tapasvis, and is also superior to the wise persons who have knowledge at the shastras and is undoubtedly better than those who perform with selfish ends in mind. Therefore, Arjun you must become a yogi.
Yoginam api sarvesam mad-gatenantaratmana
Sraddhavan bhajate yo mam sa me yuktatamo matah
Among all the yogis the one who worships me constantly with devotion is most dear to me.