Sri bhagavan uvacha
Mayy asakta-manah partha yogam yunjan mad-asrayah
Asamsayam samagram mam yatha jnasyasi tach chrnu
Lord Almighty said “Parth, Filled with evergrowing love, and fully involved in me, the almighty and with devotion only towards me when you try to acquire knowledge about me, while practising Karmayoga; the manner in which knowledge about my power, godly attributes, and the soul of all beings will dawn on you is thus explained.
Jnanam te ham sa-vijnanam idam vaksyamy asesatah
Yaj jnatva neha bhuyo nyaj jnatavyam avasisyate
I will explain to you the complete devine wisdom based on science. One you acquire this knowledge nothing remains worthy to be known anymore.
Manusyanam sahasresu kaschid yatati siddhaye
Yatatam api siddhanam kaschin mam vetti tattvatah
Among thousands of people only one really tries to realise me. And among those yogis rarely one, devoted wholeheartedly to me, understand me correctly and in the true sense.
Bhumir apo nalo vayuh kham mano buddhir eva cha
Ahankara itiyam me bhinna prakrtir astadha
Apareyam itas tv anyam prakrtim viddhi me param
Jiva-bhutam maha-baho yayedam dharyate jagat
The earth, water, fire, sky, mind, intelligence and ego – My nature is devided into these eight elements. The eight types of elements comprise my basic nature, and Mahabaho, different from this, the other which is responsible for all living beings is the living consciousness.
Etad yonini bhutani sarvanity upadharaya
Aham krtsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayas tatha
Arjun, you must observe that the entire life on the cosmos is born out of two sides of this nature of mine. And I am the beginning, the end, infact, the basic cause of this cosmos.
Mattah parataram nanyat kinchid asti dhananjaya
Mayi sarvam idam protam sutre mani-gana iva
The is no other reason for this entire creation apart from me. This entire universe is woven in me like the beads in a rosary.
Raso ham apsu kaunteya prabhasmi sasi-suryayoh
Pranavah sarva-vedesu sabdah khe paurusam nrsu
Arjun, I am the juice in water, the light of the sun and the moon, the core knowledge of all the vedas, sound in the sky and the manhood of the mankind.
Punyo gandhah prthivyam cha tejas chasmi vibhavasau
Jivanam sarva-bhutesu tapas casmi tapasvisu
I am the pure smell, in the earth, the energy in the fire, life in all the living beings and the tapa of all the saints and the seekers.
Bijam mam sarva-bhutanam viddhi partha sanatanam
Buddhir buddhimatam asmi tejas tejasvinam aham
Arjun I am the immortal seed of the life on earth. I am to wisdom of the wise and I am the divinity of the divine.
Balam balavatam chaham kama-raga-vivarjitam
Dharmaviruddho bhutesu kamo smi bharatarsabha
Arjun I am the power, and ability without attachment or desire of the powerful. And in all living being the presence of ‘desire’ as laid down in the shastra or religion is also ‘me’.
Ye chaiva sattvika bhava rajasas tamasas cha ye
Matta eveti tan viddhi na tv aham tesu te mayi
And other attributes born out of satvaguna and Rajoguna and even tomoguna are also my creations you may say. But in reality neither I am present in these attributes nor these are spresent in me. Enamoured enchanted influenced.
Tribhir gunamayair bhavair ebhih sarvam idam jagat
Mohitam nabhijanati mam ebhyah param avyayam
Attributes born of actions of the three gunas – Satvic, Rajas and tamas – influence the entire living beings and leave than enamoured, and therefore these living being don’t realise the presence of mine the almighty.
Daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya
Mam eva ye prapadyante mayam etam taranti te
Because my ‘Maya’ a conceptual illusion of reality is full of wonder and is extremely difficult to overcome. But those seekers who constoutly worship me and meditate transcend above the influence of this ‘Maya’.
Na mam duskrtino mudhah prapadyante naradhamah
Mayayapahrta-jnana asuram bhavam asritah
The persons whose wisdom is enraptured by the ‘Maya’, such people with the devilish attitudes, lesser of the mankind, engaged in unworthy actions are egnorents and they do not worship me. Enamoured bewitched charmed entranced enraptured.
Chatur-vidha bhajante mam janah sukrtino rjuna
Arto jijnasur artharthi jnani cha bharatarsabha
There are form types of people who worship me. Those who perform virtuous deeds for securing the wordily objects and those who do it for coming out of crisises or dire difficulties; those who genuinely desire to know and understand, ‘Me’ and finally those who have attained ‘wisdom’.
Tesam jnani nitya-yukta eka-bhaktir visisyate
Priyo hi jnanino tyartham aham sa cha mama priyah
Among these four kinds the ‘wise person’ who is always devoted in my manifestations is indeed very superior, as he understand and loves me most and equally do I reciprocate.
Udarah sarva evaite jnani tv atmaiva me matam
Asthitah sa hi yuktatma mam evanuttamam gatim
All these four kinds are admirable but the wise man, in effect, is my own form in my consideration. Because the person with unflinching mind and intelligence the wise devotee realise me fully. In fact he resides in my presence permanently.
Bahunam janmanam ante jnanavan mam prapadyate
Vasudevah sarvam iti sa mahatma sudurlabhah
The person, who practising yoga for many births, realises the core wisedom in the last one and understanding that what ever he looks around is me and me alone. Such a person with the great soul is rare indeed.
Kamais tais tair hrta-jnanah prapadyante nya-devatah
Tam tam niyamam asthaya prakrtya niyatah svaya
The persons whose wisdom is enraptured by the desire of the worldly pleasures, encourage by their basic attributes, such people follow principle and worship various gods and goddesses.
Yo yo yam yam tanum bhaktah sraddhayarchitum icchati
Tasya tasyachalam sraddharh tam eva vidadhamy aham
The devotee who wants to world the god providing a particular worldly possession, I ensure that the devotee stabalised his devotion in the god thus providing a direction to the devotee with ends in view.
Sa taya sraddhaya yuktas tasyaradhanam ihate
Labhate cha tatah kaman mayaiva vihitan hi tan
That particular partion is filled with devotion for that particular god goddess and worship him. And the go grants the desired fruites of the devotee in a manner destined by me.
Antavat tu phalam tesam tad bhavaty alpa-medhasam
Devan deva-yajo yanti mad-bhakta yanti mam api
But the fruit of these persons with limited intelligence is marta, subject to distinction and these people eventually enjoin those very gods. But my devotee in whichever manner, they worship me; they reach me.
Avyaktam vyaktim apannam manyante mam abuddhayah
Param bhavam ajananto mamavyayam anuttamam
The person without wisdom, without understanding my immortal prime nature consider me a human being like any other one without ralising that I am bogond the hounds of senses – ‘mann’ and that I am ‘sachida nand guan’.
Naham prakasah sarvasya yoga-maya-samavrtah
Mudho yam nabhijanati loko mam ajam avyayam
Hidden behind my yogis illusion, I am not visible to everyone. Therefore the ignorant people without realising that I am unmortal and birthless consider ‘Me’ too the one who is born and who dies.
Vedaham samatitani vartamanani charjuna
Bhavisyani cha bhutani mam tu veda na kaschana
Arjun, whoever has lived and whatever has happened in the past I know it and so do I know about the present and the future. But anyone who doesnot worship and is not devotee doesnot understand ‘ME’.
Iccha-dvesa samutthena dvandva-mohena bharata
Sarva-bhutani sammoham sarge yanti parantapa
Arjun people with pleasance and pain, born out of desire and envy and unintelligent actions are enamoured and ignorant and are bound to stay foolish.
Yesam tv anta-gatam papam jananam punya-karmanam
Te dvandva-moha-nirmukta bhajante mam drdha-vratah
But performer of one’s own duty without the desire of fruit of one’s action, and who is free from all stno; such decisive devotee worship Me in all possible ways.
Jara-marana-moksaya mam asritya yatanti ye
Te brahma tad viduh krtsnam adhyatmam karma chakhilam
Whoever dedicate themselves to ‘Me’ and make efforts for the salvation of their souls, these persons fully understand the metaphysics and fully understand the significance of duty.
Sadhibhutadhidaivam mam sadhiyajnam cha ye viduh
Prayana-kale pi cha mam te vidur yukta-chetasah
Those persons who understand me the soul of all beings and my manifestations and remember me thus even at the time of their death understand me well and they eventually merge with ‘Me’.